Phyto essentially means plants, therefore, phytocannabinoids means cannabinoids that are present in plants. In this article, we’ll be looking at phytocannabinoids in the cannabis plant.
Most of the cannabinoids that are extracted from plants are usually formed by decarboxylation of the respective 2-carboxylic acids (2-COOH). This is done through a process wherein the cannabis plant has to be exposed
What is the ECS or Endocannabinoid System?
The ECS or endocannabinoid system is one of the most recently discovered systems in the human body. Our bodies actually produce a certain amount of cannabinoids that are similar to what can be found in the cannabis plants. The chemical compounds in the endocannabinoid system are responsible for regulating the functionality of all the other systems of the body. Therefore, when the endocannabinoid system is producing enough beneficial cannabinoids, then the other systems of the body will function better. Also, when our bodies have more cannabinoids, specifically CBD (cannabidiol), the body will have the capacity to heal much faster from almost all types of diseases. Thus, the state of homeostasis will be restored.
Below are the most common phytocannabinoids that can be found in the cannabis plants:
CBC was first discovered and studied in the mid-1980s. It was then found to be capable of modulating the inflammatory responses of rats. Just like CBD, CBC also has some health benefits, such as better digestion, nerve protection and anti-inflammatory properties.
Just like CBD (cannabidiol), CBG has been found to be very much capable of keeping the nervous system healthy. It also has several beneficial functions in the ECS (endocannabinoid system). It is still currently being studied further for its possible benefits for the skin and immune system. However, among the different cannabis plants, only marijuana has a high concentration of CBG.
THC, by far, is the most dangerous cannabinoid, according to scientists. The marijuana plant has the highest concentration of THC while the hemp plant has the lowest concentration of THC. This phytocannabinoid is responsible for creating a euphoric high among people who are consuming marijuana. Not only that, those who smoke or consume marijuana in larger quantities are at risk of acquiring psychosis and other damages in the nervous system. It also makes you gain weight because you will have an increased appetite.
As mentioned earlier, CBD is the most beneficial phytocannabinoid for humans and animals. As far as research is concerned, only the cannabis plants have CBD. While all types of cannabis plants have CBD, only the hemp plant has the least THC (less than one percent), making it the best type of cannabis for CBD extraction.
What is the difference between CBD and THC?
Essentially, CBD and THC are quite similar because it has the same atoms. However, there is a slight difference in the atomic arrangement of the CBD and THC. This is the reason why CBD does not have the psychoactive and addictive side-effects that THC has. THC and CBD has different effects on the body because THC binds directly on the brain receptors, which results into a euphoric intoxication and addiction. CBD, however, indirectly binds on the CB1 and CB2 brain receptors, so your cognitive functions never get impaired. In fact, CBD can neutralize the psychoactive effects that THC has caused to the nervous system, particularly to the brain.
How Does CBD Affect the Endonnabinoid System?
Earlier, you read about how CBD indirectly bonds with the CB1 and CB2 receptors of the brain, creating an enhanced functionality in the brain and central nervous system. Another effect that CBD has on the endocannabinoid system is that it paves the way for the restoration of homeostasis in the body. Homeostasis is the most balanced state of the body. If you come to think of it, taking CBD products regularly leads to achieving the best state of health. In a healthy body, everything should be balanced, and ingesting CBD products essentially takes you to the root of all health benefits.